Paper on French energy policy: "An EU-induced Turn to a Market-based French RES Governance?"

Last week we presented a joint paper on energy policy in France. The paper is part of the Research project REMIX and has been presented, in a preliminary version, at the European Consortium for Political Research (ECPR) in Oslo, on 7 September 2017.

The draft version of the paper called "An EU-induced turn to a marked-based France RES governance" is available here.

The paper is a multidisciplinary collaboration between law and political science.

The final version of the paper will be available by the end of 2017.

Authors: Catherine Banet, University of Oslo, Faculty of Law, and Jørgen Wettestad, Fridtjof Nansen Institute.

More about the REMIX Project here.


Transport of a Russian floating nuclear energy plant along the Norwegian coasts: Norwegian government satisfied by the approach adopted

Norway is used to ship traffic along its coasts, but the announced venue of this vessel has raised particular concerns. In the summer of 2018, the floating nuclear power plant, Akademik Lomonosov, will sail along the Norwegian coasts, as part of its Journey from the Baltic Shipyard of St. Petersburg to Murmansk (where refueling will apparently take place). On 22 July 2017, the Norwegian government announced its satisfaction over the decision made by Rosatom (Russian state nuclear energy Corporation), the operator, that there will not be nuclear fuel on board when the plant will be transported along the coast of Norway (see press release).

Even if projects for floating nuclear power plants - also called Transportable Nuclear Power Plants (TNPP) - were developed in the 1960s, the Akademik Lomonosov will be the first plant of its kind, and pave the way to a new international market segment as other countries have shown interest in the technology.


Draft project of a Global Pact for the Environment - Text made available

On 24 June 2017, the French legal think tank Le Club des Juristes presented to the President of the French Republic the draft project of a Global Pact of the Environment drafted by a group of international environmental lawyers.

The text is available for download in both French:

and English:

Source: Website of Le Club des Juristes


Kronikk: EUs medlemsstater enige om å gi Kommisjonen innsyn i mellomstatlige energiavtaler (Energi og Klima Nettmagasinet)

De siste månedene har fokuset på det energipolitiske området vært rettet mot EUs vinterpakke fra november 2016. Imidlertid burde en annen vinterpakke, fra februar 2016, få like mye oppmerksomhet.

Den andre pakken er også en del av EUs energiunionstrategi, den handler om solidaritet og forsyningssikkerhet, og er av direkte betydning for alle land som leverer olje, gass eller elektrisitet til EU. Den reiser prinsipielle spørsmål om utveksling av informasjon på energiområdet, energiimportstrategi og Kommisjonens kompetanse på området.


Les resten av min kronikk på Energi og Klima Nettmagasinet:


Kronikk: Macron vs. Le Pen: Hva skjer med klima- og energipolitikken? (Energi og Klima Nettmagasinet)

Marine Le Pen står for proteksjonisme og nasjonalisme også innen klima- og energipolitikken, mens Emmanuel Macrons prosjekt innebærer grønn vekst i en europeisk ramme.


Les hele min kronikk om klima- og energiprogrammet til de to finalekandidatene i Energi og Klima Nettmagasinet:


The Danish Energy Commission delivers its recommendations on future energy policy

The Danish Energy Commission has just delivered its report on the future energy policy of the country ("Energikommissionens anbefalinger til fremtidens energipolitik", April 2017).

The report comes with a series of recommendations which should enable the country to reach the long-term goal of becoming a low-emissions society based on renewable energy by 2050, with an intermediary 50% goal in 2030. The Commission received the mandate of looking at the measures necessary to be implemented in the period 2020-2030. It argues notably in favour of the following main points below. The summary is followed by a rapid assessment.


Publication: "Effectiveness in Climate Regulation: Simultaneous Application of a Carbon Tax and an Emissions Trading Scheme to the Offshore Petroleum Sector in Norway" (CCLR)

You can find below the reference to my latest publication

"Effectiveness in Climate Regulation: Simultaneous Application of a Carbon Tax and an Emissions Trading Scheme to the Offshore Petroleum Sector in Norway" C. Banet

in Carbon and Climate Law Review (2017) 11(1), pp.25-38


The present article discusses effectiveness in environmental regulation when two instruments, a carbon dioxide tax (CO2 tax) and an emissions trading scheme (ETS), are applied concomitantly to the same activity. The Norwegian regulation of the CO2 emissions from the upstream petroleum sector is taken as an example since it submits this sector to both the payment of a CO2 tax and the obligation to surrender emissions allowances under the EU ETS since Norway joined the scheme in 2008. The specific approach to this double regulation consists in adjusting the rate of the CO2 tax according to the price for the EU allowances in order to obtain an overall CO2 price. The article examines how the adjustment mechanism operates and which conclusions can we drawn in terms of effectiveness of climate regulation, ie at the level of the design, the implementation and the effects. Finally, it discusses the need for governments to use taxation as a supplementary tool to the EU ETS in a context of low allowances price. 


Planned German electricity capacity mechanism under EU scrutiny: European Commission opens in-depth investigation into German plans for capacity reserve

The European Commission has announced on 7 April 2017 that it has opened an in-depth investigation into the German plans to establish a capacity mechanism in the form of an electricity capacity reserve.
The investigation aims to establish whether the German proposal of an electricity capacity mechanism complies with EU state aid rules. Of particular relevance for the assessment are the Guidelines on State aid rules for energye and environmental protection (2014-2020) (so-called EEAG).
This in-depth investigation comes after the adoption, by the Commission of an EU Sector Inquiry, common assessment criteria in the EEAG and a series of decisions on capacity market mechanisms in several EU Member States (UK, France, Germany).